بوابة شموس نيوز

إلكترونية – يومية – مصرية


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واجبات المسلم في بلاد الغرب

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بقلم الشيخ عبدالعزيز رجب

الحمد لله، والصلاة والسلام على محمد رسول الله، وعلى آله وصحبه ومن والاه وبعد.
يعتبر المسلم الذي يعيش في بلاد الغرب سفيرا وممثلا للإسلام، رضي بذلك أم لم يرض، فهو كالشامة في ذلك المجتمع، يرى الناسُ الإسلامَ من خلال سلوكه ومعاملاته، لذلك لابد له أن يعرف ما هي واجباته نحو دينه ونفسه وأهله وأمته، ونحو المجتمع الذي يعيش فيه.
واجباته نحو دينه:
عليه أن يمتثل بأوامَر ربه، ويَجتنب نواهيه، ويتخلَّق بأخلاق القرآن، ويحرص على تطبيق سنة نبيه العدنان، لا يفتقده ربُّه حيث أمره، ولا يجده حيث نَهاه، يَعْلَمُ أن أحب شيء إلى الله هو أداءُ ما افترضه عليه من صلاة، وزكاة، وصيام، وحج…الخ ، كما قال تعالى :{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَا تَوَلَّوْا عَنْهُ وَأَنْتُمْ تَسْمَعُونَ (20) وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ (21)} [ الأنفال]
 
واجبه نحو نفسه:
أن يحفظها وينميها، وأن يجعلها نفساً أبيةً حُرَّةً شامخةً، لا تخضع ولا تدين بالعبودية إلا الله، قال تعالى: {وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ (5)}[البينة]
وأن يكون قوياً في بنيانه، فيجعل للرياضة البدنية نصيباً من وقته ، كما روي عن أبي هريرة –رضي الله عنه– عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «المؤمنُ القويُّ خيرٌ وأحبُّ إلى اللَّهِ منَ المؤمنِ الضَّعيفِ». (أخرجه: مسلم بسند صحيح)
لا يوردها المهالك بإدمان الخمور أو تعاطي المخدرات أو الزنا أو قتل نفس …، كما قال سبحانه: {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ} [المائدة :90]
 
واجبه نحو أهله:
أن يحميها من الذوبان، ويقيمها على الإسلام، عن طريق الرعاية وحسن المعاملة، لأن كل منا مسئول عن أهله، كما روي عن عبدالله بن عمر –رضي الله عنهما– عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «كلكم راع ومسؤول عن رعيته، فالإمام راع ومسؤول عن رعيته، والرجل في أهله راع وهو مسؤول عن رعيته، والمرأة في بيت زوجها راعية وهي مسؤولة عن رعيتها، والخادم في مال سيده راع وهو مسؤول عن رعيته». (متفق عليه)
 
واجبه نحو إخوانه:
 فعليه أن يتحد معهم فيكونوا جسدا واحدا، عن طريق التعاون وحسن المعاملة، ويبتعد عن العصبية البغيضة، وأذكركم بحديث حقوق المسلم على المسلم الذي روي عن أبي هريرة –رضي الله عنه– عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال: «حَقُّ المسلِمِ على المسلِمِ ستٌ: إذا لقيتَهُ فَسلِّمْ علَيهِ، و إذا دَعاكَ فأجِبْهُ، وإذا استنصَحَكَ فانصَحْ لهُ، وإذا عَطسَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ فَشَمِّتْهُ ، وإذا مَرِضَ فَعُدْهُ ، وإذا ماتَ فاتْبَعْهُ». (أخرجه مسلم والبخاري في الأدب المفرد وهو صحيح)
 
واجبه نحو أمته:
وذلك بأن أن يهتم بها وبأخبارها وقضاياها، ويعمل على نصرتها ورفع شأنها، ونصرة قضايا المسلمين والتصدى للطغاة والظالمين، كما قال تعالى: {كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ} [آل عمران: 110].
واجبه نحو المجتمع غير المسلم الذي يعيش فيه:
 ويتحقق بأن يكون نموذجا للمسلم الحق الذي يفتخر به الإسلام والمسلمين، فينمي ذلك المجتمع، ويساعد في نهضته وتنميته وعدم إفساده، وأن يدعو المجتمع بالحكمة والموعظة الحسنة، كما قال سبحانه: {ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ} [النحل: 125]
هذا وصل اللهم وسلم على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه وسلم
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The Muslim’s Duties While Living in Western Countries
Abdelaziz Ragab Sheikh
 
All praise is due to Allah, and prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and his followers.
 
Islam looks at a Muslim who lives in Western Countries as an ambassador, and a representative of Islam, wether he likes or dislikes this. Society judges Islam according to his behaviour and dealings with others, therefore; he must know his duties towards his religion, himself, his family, his people, and towards the society in which he lives.
 
His duties towards his religion
He must comply with the instructions of his Lord, avoids His prohibitions, follows the manners mentioned in the Holy Quran, takes notice of applying his Prophet’s Sunnah; practise.
He must be found where His Lord ordered , and be absent from places his Lord forbade him to go to.
He must know that the most acts which pleases the Almighty Allah are those He ordered him to do such as: praying, zakat (alms), fasting, hajj…etc :
8: 20. O you who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not away from him (i.e. Messenger Muhammad ()) while you are hearing. 21. And be not like those who say: “We have heard,” but they hear not.
His duties towards himself
By protecting himself and making it develop well, also by making it  free and proud enough to reject being enslaved to anyone except to The Almighty Allah.
 98: 5. And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat: and that is the right religion.
Strengthening his body through physical excerises:
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Messenger of Allah () said, “A strong believer is better and dearer to Allah than a weak one, and both are good. Adhere to that which is beneficial for you. Keep asking Allah for help and do not refrain from it. If you are afflicted in any way, do not say: ‘If I had taken this or that step, it would have resulted into such and such,’ but say only: ‘Allah so determined and did as He willed.’ The word ‘if’ opens the gates of satanic thoughts”.
Protecting it from dangerous acts, i.e. drinking liquor, taking drugs, adultery or suicide 5: 90. O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, Al-Ansab , and Al-Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaitan’s (Satan) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful .
 
His duties towards his family
 
This is achieved by gently protecting it from melting with the surroundings, and by strengthening Islamic ties, because every Muslim is accountable for his family:
Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah () saying, “All of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards. The ruler is a guardian and responsible for his subjects; the man is a guardian and responsible for his family; the woman is a guardian and is responsible for her husbands’ house and his offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards.”
 
His duties towards his brothers
He must bond with other muslims, so they become as if they were one person. The way to achieve this is by coopertion and good treatment. He must avoid bigotry. There is a Hadeeth which shows our duties towards other muslims:
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger () as saying: Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings; when he invites you to a feast accept it. when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says:” All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you); and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier.

 

His duties towards his nation
 
He must be aware of the Muslims’ circumstances and problems, and do his best to help in solving them, defending and strengthening muslims against the Oppressors:
3: 110. You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad () and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fasiqun (disobedient to Allah – and rebellious against Allah’s Command).
 
His duties towards the non-muslim society in which he lives
He must be a role model for a true Muslim, which Islam and Muslims are proud of by participating in the growth and prosperity of the society, and by fighiting corruption. He must call for Islam with wisdom and fair preaching, as we are ordered by the Almighty Allah:
16: 125. Invite (mankind, O Muhammad () ) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided.
 
May Allah’s prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and companions
 
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Doveri del musulmano in terra straniera
Autore: sheikh Abd alAziz Rajab
Il musulmano che vive in un paese straniero è visto come ambasciatore ed esempio dell’Islam, che gli piaccia o no; in questa società la gente sperimenta l’Islam attraverso il suo comportamento. Per questo è assolutamente necessario che sappia quali sono i suoi doveri verso la sua religione e se stesso e la nazione islamica e verso la società in cui vive.
Verso la religione:
 Deve obbedire agli ordini del suo signore ed evitare le sue proibizioni, si conformi alla morale del Corano e applichi la Sunna del suo Messaggero saw. Il suo Signore sarà presente nei suoi ordini ma non lo troverà nelle cose vietate. Sappiamo quali sono le cose più gradite ad Allah swt:
 il compiere la preghiera, pagare la zakat, il pellegrinaggio, il digiuno e altre. Disse Allahu Taala: ((20. O voi che credete, obbedite ad Allah e al Suo Messaggero e non volgetegli le spalle, dopo che avete ascoltato. 21. Non siate come quelli che dicono: “Noi ascoltiamo”, quando invece non ascoltano affatto.))( alAnfal)
Verso l’anima: che la preservi e la faccia crescere, che la renda alta e libera e orgogliosa; che non sia umile e non si sottometta se non ad Allah swt, il quale disse:
 ((non ricevettero altro comando che adorare Allah, tributandoGli un culto esclusivo e sincero,  eseguire l’orazione e  versare la decima. Questa è la Religione della verità. ))(alBayna ). Bisogna poi che sia forte nella sua struttura fisica, lo sport deve essere un’attività costante nel suo tempo. Abu Hureira raa riferì di aver udito il Nabiu saw dire: //Il credente forte è più caro ad Allah di quello debole, ma c’è del bene in entrambi// -Sahih Muslim-.Non mettiamo in pericolo noi stessi dandoci all’alcool o alle droghe o alla prostituzione, queste son cose che uccidono l’anima, come disse Allah Taala: ((90. O voi che credete, in verità il vino, il gioco d’azzardo, le pietre idolatriche, le frecce divinatorie, sono immonde opere di Satana. Evitatele, affinché possiate prosperare. ))(alMaida )
Verso la famiglia:
deve mantenerla compatta, diritta sulla strada dell’Islam, la strada dell’attenzione e dei comportamenti gentili. Abd Allah bin Omar raam riferì di aver sentito il Nabiu saw dire: //Tutti voi siete guardiani e responsabili per le vostre case, il principe è guardiano e responsabile per i suoi sudditi, l’uomo è guardiano e responsabile per la famiglia, la donna è guardiana e responsabile per i figli e la casa di suo marito. Così tutti voi siete guardiani e responsabili per le vostre case//
Verso i suoi fratelli:
 bisogna che il musulmano diventi una sola cosa coi suoi fratelli, un solo corpo, a mezzo della solidarietà e delle buone maniere, lontani dall’odiosa faziosità, il tribalismo. Vi ricordo un bel hadith sui diritti del fratello sugli altri musulmani. Abu Hureira raa riferì di aver sentito il Mustafa saw dire: //I diritti del musulmano sugli altri musulmani sono sei:
 quando lo incontri devi salutarlo, quando ti invita devi accettare, quando chiede il tuo consiglio daglielo, quando starnutisce e loda Allah, devi dire Allah abbia compassione di te, quando è malato visitalo, quando muore segui il suo funerale//- Muslim.-
Verso la nazione islamica:
il musulmano deve preoccuparsi della sua nazione, seguire le notizie e quello che ivi succede. Lavorare per la sua vittoria per alzare il suo destino, perché combattere gli oppressori è il destino dell’Islam.  Disse Allah taala: ((110. Voi siete la migliore comunità che sia stata suscitata tra gli uomini, raccomandate le buone consuetudini e proibite ciò che è riprovevole e credete in Allah))(al  Imran )
Verso la società dove viviamo:
il musulmano deve essere un esempio di tutti i valori di cui va fiero l’Islam, deve contribuire allo sviluppo morale e la crescita civile di questa società e ad eliminare la corruzione da essa. Questo fa parte della Dawa, della buona predicazione per l’Islam. Disse Allah Taala: ((125. Chiama al sentiero del tuo Signore con la saggezza e la buona parola e discuti con loro nella maniera migliore ))(anNahl )